UNIT 5:The experience of architecture. BASIC CONCEPTS

PLACE

Relation of contrast: the relation is of juxtaposition (1) or abstraction.(2)

Edificios Contraste Casas - Foto gratis en Pixabay
(1)

Poca casa en el bosque imagen de archivo. Imagen de vivo - 30853281
(2)

The Integral House / Shim-Sutcliffe Architects | Plataforma Arquitectura
Relation of organicism: it´s what makes the place make sense and be uniform.

6 casas mimetizadas con la naturaleza | Arquitectura Sostenible
Relation of camouflage: it consists in extreme integration also called mimesis.

Visita guiada al Museo del Prado y el Palacio Real | musement

Relation of contextualism: it´s the meaning expressed by the building.

SPACE

Classic space is closed and compact because the walls have always been very thick.

  • In the Renaissance, the space started being centralized with one axis of symmetry.
Index of /sites/gutenberg.org/2/6/3/1/26319/26319-h/images
  • The Baroque follows the other two styles but with two axis of simmetry instead of one
File:L'Architecture de la Renaissance - Fig. 6.PNG - Wikimedia Commons

Spaces without a center

  • Japanese space: based on tatamis. It does not exist until it´s used and is perceived as the sum of individual rooms.
Japanese Traditional House Plan Tea Drawing Building Detail - House Plans |  #74620
  • Modern space: this style breaks spaces and lets the air flow allowing vertical and horizontal connections
House with Interior, Floor Plan, Blueprints and Colored Walls on a White  Background . 3d Illustration. Stock Illustration - Illustration of layout,  indoors: 190024136

Contemporary space

The building space is unique and continuous. The free section is born, it consists of ending the tyranny of the horizontal plane.

Contemporary Architecture Explained in a Simple Way | Development One

FORM

Coliseo - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Rhythm: repetition of shapes
Barcelona contra el coche: un choque cultural
Axis: linear element that marks a direction

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Torres Kio (Puerta de Europa) | Turismo Madrid
Symmetry: regular arrangement of points in relation to the center
Panoramic London City Tour, Hampton Court Palace and Windsor - Klook
Hierarchy: Relationship of supremacy of elements over others

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Sobre la dislocación del cuerpo en la arquitectura: El Modulor de Le  Corbusier | Plataforma Arquitectura
module: unitary element which serves as a proportional unit.

Grid: composition based on a grid of axees

Historia y leyendas del maravilloso Partenón de Atenas - Mi Viaje
Unity: relationship of the parts of the whole.
Sidney presume de su Ópera más vanguardista
Movement

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Balancing Barn / MVRDV | Plataforma Arquitectura
Balancing: complementary relationship between the elements of a composition.
Pin en Interiores de casas
Centrality: organisation of space around a center.

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Rosetón de la Iglesia San Nicolás de Valencia por Ana Jorro Llagaria |  Fotografía | Turismo de Observación
Light
Galería de Maggie's Centre Barts / Steven Holl Architects - 8
Limts: edge of the elements

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Centro Educacional El Chaparral / Alejandro Muñoz Miranda | Plataforma  Arquitectura
Colour
The Story Behind The Viral “Barbie” Beach House – TREMG
Contrast

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Cómo librarse del gotelé de una vez por todas
Texture

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Proportion

Housing, Large Scale-Completed-Buildings-1 | World Architecture Festival
Scale

FUNCTION

  • Mechanical functionalism: it start in the Industrial Revolution
Fábrica de cemento en Campos
  • Organic functionalism: it adapts to the living functions.
Escuelas de Guerra. Base a base: la militarización del territorio español a  vista de satélite (IV) - Antimilitaristas
  • Moralistic functionalism: it´s a mix between utility and beauty.
Nashville Guru on Instagram: “It's only appropriate that this #MuralMonday  is dedicated to the mural Taylor Swi… | Instagram wall art, Animal mural,  Wall street art

MATERIALITY AND STRUCTURE

  • Materials:
Stone
Housing restoration between dividing rammed earth wall - Fetdeterra
Earth

20 Casas de madera baratas 2020 - YouTube
Wood
Fotos de Paredes de ladrillo de stock, Paredes de ladrillo imágenes libres  de derechos | Depositphotos®
Bricks

Concrete
Beneficios de la construcción en estructuras de acero | Dipac® Blog
Steel

Torre de las glorias (Torre Gories): Cosas que Hacer en 2022 - Viator
Glass

  • Technology:

Roman construction is the result of extraordinary ab¡vailability of materials and workmanship with an strict organization system.

El único arco del triunfo romano con tres vanos que puede verse en España

The arches and vaults were the main element for covering, and walls were the best support.

The main material was concrete arranged by shutterings and outer layers of brick

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Romanesque Architecture & Art in Spain
  • Romanesque architecture:

The roof was built with barrel vault reinforced by transverse arches.

Walls were reinforced with external buttresses and woodden tie beams.

Eventually the barrel vaults were replaced with groin vaults

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vulgar Gama de virtual gothic church architecture terms -  dugundjhizmetiorganizasyon.com

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  • Gothic architecure

it ends up solving the thick walls with the pointed arch, the rib vault, the buttress and the pinacles.