UNIT 3 Rome

1,100 BCE- 476 CE

La historia de Rómulo y Remo y los misterios que rodean la fundación de  Roma | Muy Interesante

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According to ancient Roman traditions the city of Rome was founded in 753 BCE by Romulus and Remus. They spread throughout the Mediterranean coast and Europe controlling unthinkable limits.

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Termas Romanas de Caldes de Montbui, Caldes de Montbui - Curiosidades y  planes relacionados | Guia Repsol

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With the discovery of concrete by means of volcanic ashes and salted water they started creating new forms and built large public spaces with arches, vaults and domes. They looked for stability, functionality and magnificence.

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Religious buildings

Inspired by the Greeks orders, the Romas used a more natural and vital style, they also added two orders to the other three that already existed ( Dorian, Ionic and Corinthian), the Tuscan and Composite.

Arquitectura romana: apuntes básicos

Their temples where placed on very high podiums whose staircase where placed in the axis of the door. They experimented with different types of plants like circular and cruciform. Taking elements from the Etruscan villages like arches and vaults ending up developing domes solving the technical problems that the Greek had.

Tour por Roma al completo y Coliseo desde Civitavecchia - 101viajes
El Panteón de Agripa: el gran óculo de la Antigua Roma

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Civil Works

They were experts in infrastuctures such as:

Urban Water Systems: The Great Sewer of Ancient Rome - Omrania
Sewage networks
Los acueductos romanos, maravillas de la ingeniería
Aqueducts

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Puentes romanos de España más auténticos | Viajes de Primera
Bridges
Traces of Submerged Roman Road Found Beneath Venetian Lagoon | Smart News |  Smithsonian Magazine
Roads

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Public buildings

Arcos de Triunfo en Roma
  • Triumphal Arches: ceremonial works and a source of architectural and structural details.

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Emperor Marcus Aurelius Column, Rome, Italy (Photos Framed Prints  Puzzles...) #20579509

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  • Commemorative colums: monuments erected to commemorate an important event like a military event.

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ARTE ROMANO. - ppt descargar

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  • Thermal baths: they played an important social role.

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  • Theatre: derivated from the Greek model but of greater proportions. Their steps were built on a radial system of inclined concrete vaults raised on stone pillars. They were a perfect semi-circular.
Teatro romano de Málaga
Pin en ARQUITECTURA ROMANA

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  • Amphitheatre: they were the main Roman architecure´s innovation. They are present a double theatre with elliptical scene and a continuous grandstand. They were dedicated to fights between gladiators and beasts. The most famous Amphitheatre is the Colosseum.
Coliseo - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
BASÍLICA ROMANA » Sus características, funciones y trascendencia

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  • Basilica: they were conceived as courts of justice for legal proceedings. They were built next to the forum. They were rectangular with a stage and an apse.

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El papel de los circos romanos en el Imperio

  • Circus: it was destined for races, shows and performances. Inspired by Greek racetracks the Roman one had bigger dimensions.

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Domus - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

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  • Domus: dwelling of the richest families, it had and atrium with impluvium, with surrounding public relations and provate rooms.

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Ínsulas. Pisos de la Antigua Roma | tiovivo creativo

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  • Insula: dwelligs of the plebeians, buildings of three or four floors. Built with low quality materials and wood.

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Cities

They were designed with an orthogonal planning, derived from the camps. Internally it was distributed as rectangles and in the center the forum was placed. There were two main orthogonal streets that went from North to South ( Cardus) and from East to West ( Decumanus ).

Roman Urban Planning - History of Architecture - PHINMA COC | Urban planning,  Urban design plan, City layout